Patella Fracture Surgery
Patella Fracture Treatment and Rehabilitation: Your kneecap is one of the essential bones among the three bones that form your knee joint. A patellar fracture happens when your patella(kneecap) gets damaged. The patella is a small bone located in front of your knee. It provides the strength to extend (straighten) your knee joint. It is coated with cartilage and acts as a shield protecting your knee joint, making it less susceptible to fractures.
A fracture might happen when you fall onto your knee or hit any hard object. A patellar fracture is a severe injury that makes it difficult to walk and to keep your knee joint straight.
You can manage mild patellar injury by wearing a cast or splint. In most patellar trauma cases, the bone pieces scatter when the injury occurs. These complicated patellar fractures require surgery to restore & stabilize the kneecap and normalize its normal function.
Symptoms Of Patella Fracture
Severe pain in your joint and difficulty walking are the main symptoms of the fracture. Common symptoms of patellar fracture (injury) include:
- Swelling around the knee joint
- Inability to lift the leg
- A palpable defect in the kneecap
Causes Of Patella Fracture
- Falling onto the knee joint
- Hitting the knee joint against hard objects during motor vehicle collisions
Patella fractures may also occur when your quadriceps muscle contract abnormally (eccentric contraction). Your knee joint straightens. When your muscle pulls back forcefully, the patella fracture results.
Some people with certain conditions like osteoporosis, bone infection, or tumours have their kneecap damaged even with minor injuries. These are pathologic fractures that happen as a result of weak bone.
Non-surgical Treatment for a Patellar Dislocation
Nonsurgical Treatment for Patella Fracture or dislocation: If the fracture is minor and the knee cap is not displaced, Patella fracture surgery is not necessary. Your doctor applies a cast or a splint to make your knee straight and prevent your leg’s motion until it heals. This will help keep the bone ends in position while they heal. Depending upon the severity of the fracture, weight-bearing on your leg is limited. Excess weight may not be allowed while you wear a cast or brace.
Patella Fracture Surgery
Surgical Treatment for Patella Fracture: Surgery depends upon the type of fracture. If the bone is displaced, then you might need surgical intervention. If the fractured patellar bones are not aligned in the proper position, then the healing becomes difficult, or it may not heal. Patella is attached to the thigh muscles; as they are powerful, they may push down the broken bone pieces of the knee out of place while healing.
Open fractures have an increased risk of complications – and therefore, surgery should be performed as soon as possible.
Transverse fracture: In this type of fracture, the bone breaks into two pieces. The bone is often fixed in place with the help of screws, pins, wires, and a “figure-of-eight” tension band. The band presses the two broken bone pieces together.
Comminuted fracture: In this type of fracture, the patella’s top or bottom part may be broken into small pieces. This type of fracture occurs in accidents where your kneecap is pulled apart and then falls on it. Bone fragments are too small to fit back into their place. The surgeon will remove them, and then the loose patellar tendon is attached back to its remaining patellar bone.
Patella Fracture Surgery Cost in India may differ from hospital to hospital and vary depending on the severity of the fracture, symptoms, age of the patient, experience and expertise of the orthopaedic surgeon.
If you are suffering from any knee problems and searching for the best treatment, Consult Dr Vasudeva Juvvadi, one of the best orthopaedic doctors for bone problems. He has more than 11 years of experience in treating various bone conditions.