Fractured bone treatment in Hyderabad | Dr. Vasudeva Juvvadi
The bones in your body make up the whole skeleton structure. They provide the ability to interact with the environment and enable you to lift your body against gravity. The Bony structure also protects your organs from damage. The body’s calcium is stored in your bones. The levels of calcium decide the strength of your bones. Lower calcium levels of the bone are the indication that your bones are weak and vulnerable to fractures.
What Is A Fracture?
Though bones are rigid structures, they tend to bend or break when an external force is applied. When the force is too high, your bones tend to break, just like a plastic ruler breaks if it bent too far. A fracture means a broken bone. It is a medical condition wherein the stature of your bone is destroyed.
The severity of the fracture depends on the force on the bone that caused the break. If the force on the bone is less, then the bone might crack instead of breaking all the way through. If the force is high on the bone, then it may shatter. If the bone shatters just like that, then the bone fragments penetrate out of the skin, or down to the broken bone, which is called an open fracture.
If a fracture involves only breaking of the bone without damaging surrounding tissues or the skin is known as a closed fracture. If a fracture caused by any underlying medical condition, then it is known as a pathological fracture. In any case, you should prefer fractured bone treatment. In Hyderabad, you have plenty of options, but it is always better to consult the best and experienced doctor.
Fractured Bone Treatment in Hyderabad
There are several types of bone fractures ranging from a hairline crack to the bone being broken into two or more parts. A fracture might occur at the same time during a sprain, strain, or dislocation. The type of fracture depends upon the way the bone is broken, and the severity of the fracture.
- Transverse fracture – It is also called a longitudinal fracture. When a bone is fractured, the crack extends along the length of the bone.
- Oblique fracture – This type of fracture occurs diagonally to a bone’s long axis.
- Comminuted fracture – In this type of fracture, the bone is shattered into two or more pieces.
- Greenstick fracture – This type of fracture is most common in children. The bones of children are softer and more elastic. When the bones are subjected to external force, they tend to bend and don’t break completely and bends like a young branch of a tree.
- Torus (buckle) fracture – This is a type of fracture where a bone deforms but doesn’t crack. It is a painful condition and more common in children.
- Open fracture – The bone fragments penetrate out of the skin, or down to the broken bone in an open fracture.
- Avulsion fracture – When a muscle or ligament pulls a piece of the bone causing a fracture.
- Compression (crush) fracture – The bone is crushed, making the broken bone wider or flatter in appearance.
- Fracture due to dislocation – When a joint gets dislocated, then one of the joints has a fracture.
- Hairline fracture – A hairline also called stress fractures. They are tiny cracks on a bone. These types of fractures are a little harder to detect with routine X-rays.
- Impacted fracture – The fragment of the fractured bone goes into another.
- Intraarticular fracture – When a bone is fractured, the break extends into the joint.
- Pathological fracture – If a fracture caused by any underlying medical condition, then it is known as a pathological fracture.
- Spiral fracture – The crack looks like a spiral around the bone, often seen in twisting of the bone.
The fractures in children and adults are different. As we age, the strength of our bones decreases and can’t withstand large force. Whereas children’s bones are elastic, and they tend to be different.
The Signs & Symptoms of a Fracture
The signs and symptoms vary according to a fractured bone, age, general health, and the severity of the injury. However, signs & symptoms include:
- Pain that increases with movement or when pressure is applied at the site of the fracture.
- A pop sound felt or heard at the time of the injury
- Swelling and bruising in the injured area
- Limited movement
- The affected bone might have a grating sensation
- Discolored skin around the fractured area
Fracture Treatment Hyderabad
Treatment for broken bones depends on the severity of the fracture. An orthopedic doctor carries out a physical examination to identify the signs and make a diagnosis. An X-ray and in some cases, an MRI or CT scan, might also be taken as a part of the diagnosis.
The healing of a bone is a natural process. In most cases, healing occurs automatically. Fracture treatment aims to ensure the best possible function of the broken bone after healing.
To begin the natural healing process, the ends of the broken bone should be lined up first. It is known as reducing the fracture.
Immobilization – As soon as the broken bones are aligned, they need to stay aligned until they heal. It is also termed casting. The immobilization techniques may include:
- Plaster casts or functional braces to hold the aligned bone in a position until the fracture heals.
- A Fracture is fixed with metal plates and screws through minimally invasive techniques.
- Internal metal rods called intramedullary nails are placed at the center of long bones. In children, flexible wires are used.
- External fixators made of metal or carbon fiber to scaffold the broken bone from outside the body are also used.
Traction is a method used to manage the fractures and dislocations that can’t be treated by casting. It is a process where force is applied to stretch certain body parts in a specific direction. The goal of traction procedure is to stretch the muscles, and tendons surrounding the broken bone to support the bone ends for proper alignment and healing.
Surgery For Fractures
Surgery might be needed to align severely broken bones back into place. The surgical procedure includes, internal fixation devices (metal rods or pins fixed inside the bone) or external fixation devices (metal rods or pins fixed outside the body) to hold the broken bone fragments in a place for proper alignment and healing.
Delayed Unions and Non – Unions And Mal – Unions
- Non-unions are the fractures that fail to heal
- Delayed unions are the fractures that take a longer time to heal
- Malunions occur due to improper alignment of bones during immobilization.
Delayed unions and non-unions are treated with the help of Ultrasound therapy to heal the fracture fastly, and when the fracture does not heal bone grafts are used to stimulate the broken bone.