The most common cause of bone fractures: Bones are an essential part of your musculoskeletal system and provide everything ranging from giving shape to your body to the support and protection of your organs and movements. Although your bones are strong and flexible and protect your body, they are vincible, so they may fully or partially get broken.
The severity of the bone fracture usually depends on the force of the bone stroke. Less severe fractures can only fracture the bone, but extreme incidences – such as a car accident, a heavy fall, or strenuous or aggressive sports – can break a bone entirely or even into pieces.
Apart from trauma, osteoporosis is one of the most common causes of fractures. Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease that weakens your bones and makes them break more easily.
Let us try to find out what causes bones to break and understand some of the most common causes of bone fractures. Dr Vasudeva Juvvadi lists some of the most common bone fractures.
What is a fracture?
A broken bone, also known as a fracture, is a condition that changes the contour (shape) of a bone. Bone Fractures often occur when there is a strong force or impact on the bone.
What Causes Bones to Break?
Fractures are common – there are millions of people in India who suffer from severe fractures every year. There are several reasons associated with bone fractures. People suffer from fractures due to sports injuries, car accidents, falls, or osteoporosis (weakening of the bones due to ageing). Although most fractures are caused by trauma, sometimes they can be pathological. Some fractures are due to an underlying disease or cause – such as the ones due to severe osteoporosis or tumours. There are more than one million fragility fractures due to osteoporosis in India annually. Medical attention is needed immediately after a fracture.
You can break all or part of your bone. Symptoms of a fracture include pain, inability to move or load the injured body part, swelling, bruising, bleeding (and there is an open wound), or deformity.
Causes of Bone fracture
There are three common causes of fractures:
- Trauma: This includes falls, torsional injuries, sports injuries, car accidents, or even combat.
- Bone Disorders that weaken the bones: These include osteoporosis, infection, ontogenesis imperfect, chronic steroid use, or tumours that appear on the bones.
- Overuse: Stress fractures that are common in athletes are the result of repetitive motion and stress on the bones.
Children are more prone to fractures, especially in their arms and legs, because they tend to be more active than adults. Ageing is the most common cause of bone fractures
Fractures Require Repair and Medical Treatment
See a doctor (preferably an orthopaedic surgeon) if you suspect a fracture. Fractures treatments may require straightening or placement (reduction), casting (immobilization), and in some cases surgery. The doctor will try to restore the bone and stabilize it with plastic or fibreglass to keep it immobile while it heals, which is the most common fracture treatment.
During the healing process, new bone forms at the edge of the fragment to reconnect it. The more severe the fracture is, more intensive medical care may be needed, which may include adhesions to stabilize the rest or even surgery further. Depending on the severity of the fracture, it can take weeks or months for the broken bone to heal correctly.
Although fractures are usually the result of injury, they can also be caused by an underlying condition such as osteoporosis. If you have had a fracture for no apparent reason, talk to the doctor. You may have an underlying condition that weakens your bones and makes them easier to break.
Meet Dr Vasudeva Juvvadi for Best Fracture Treatment in Hyderabad can evaluate bone fracture and provide the best treatment for the most common bone fractures.