Best Treatment for Bone Loss
Your body requires minerals, calcium, and phosphate to make and maintain your bones healthy. Bone is a living tissue. During your growth, your body replaces old bones with new bones. Often it is said that your entire skeleton is restored about every 10 years. This process slows down with age as you get older. Your bones remain healthy and robust as long as your body’s new and old bone process is balanced. However, bone loss occurs when the old bones are reabsorbed more instead of creating a new bone.
Sometimes the cause of bone loss is not known. Bone loss with aging is common for everyone. In some people, bone loss and thin bones are inherited from families. Generally, white, older women are vulnerable to bone loss. Delayed menopause can also lead to bone loss.
Weak bones are delicate and can break even without any fracture.
Ageing & Bone Loss
Your body reabsorbs the calcium and phosphate present in your bones with your increasing age instead of restoring these minerals in your bones. This can make your bones more fragile. At a particular stage, this condition is termed Osteoporosis.
Bone loss or Osteoporosis is a condition that makes your bones weak & brittle and makes your bones vulnerable to fractures (break). This is a condition where your bones lose their density. Bone density is defined as the amount of bone tissue present in your bones.
Women of age above 50 years and men above 70 years have a greater risk of having Osteoporosis than younger people. In some people of age around 30 years, the bone mass stops growing. One should, therefore, try to maintain good bone health as much as possible for a long time. As people enter into their 40s and 50s, new bone replacement might be stopped, and bones begin to lose strength.
Your Lifestyle & Bone Loss
Your body requires adequate calcium, vitamin D, and proper exercise to build and maintain strong bones.
Your body can’t form sufficient new bone if:
- You do not consume high-calcium foods
- Your body can’t absorb sufficient calcium from the daily foods you eat
- Your body excretes more calcium than usual through urine
Certain habits that affect your bones:
Drinking alcohol: Consumption of too much alcohol can harm your bones.
Smoking: Men and women with smoking habits have weaker bones. Women who smoke after menopause are at higher of fractures.
Younger women having no menstrual periods for a long time are also at higher risk of bone loss & Osteoporosis.
Medical Conditions & Bone Loss
Many long-term medical conditions can make people bedridden.
- The muscles and bones of the hip and spine are barely used and do not bear any weight.
- Inability to walk or exercise can result in bone loss and fractures.
Other medical conditions that might cause bone loss include
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Celiac disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Long-term kidney or liver disease
- Overactive parathyroid gland
- Diabetes, most often type 1 diabetes
- Organ transplant
Certain medicines used to treat specific medical conditions can also lead to Osteoporosis.
Some of these medicines are:
- Hormone-blocking medication used to treat prostate cancer or breast cancer
- Medicines used to treat seizures or epilepsy
- Glucocorticoid (steroid) medications taken orally every day for more than 3 months or several times a year
Any treatment or condition that prevents the absorption of calcium or vitamin D can also weaken your bones. Some of these are:
- Gastric bypass surgery for weight-loss
- Cystic fibrosis
- Conditions that prevent your small intestine from absorbing nutrients well
People suffering from eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia are also at greater risk of Osteoporosis.
Best Treatment For Bone loss
Treatment for bone loss is often based on your risk of bone fracture in the future. It is evaluated with the help of the bone density test. If you are not at higher risk, treatment might focus on modifying risk factors of bone loss.
Men and women who are at increased risk of fractures due to Osteoporosis are prescribed bisphosphonates medications. Examples include:
- Ibandronate (Boniva)
- Alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax)
- Zoledronic acid (Reclast, Zometa)
- Risedronate (Actonel, Atelvia)
There might be a risk of some side effects like nausea, abdominal pain, and heartburn symptoms. But they are less likely to occur when you take the medication properly under an orthopedic doctor’s guidance.
Testosterone therapy in men might help to increase bone density.
The estrogen used in women during and after menopause can prevent bone density loss. Unfortunately, estrogen therapy is associated with certain risk factors like blood clots, heart disease, etc. so it is recommended to take treatment from an experienced orthopedic specialist who can provide the best treatment for bone loss.
This medication has been found to provide the advantages of estrogen therapy with lower risks; however, the risk of blood clots persists.
This is a drug taken through injection and may provide more promising results than bisphosphonates at reducing bone loss.
This drug is a form of parathyroid hormone which is also taken through injection and stimulates bone growth.
Calcitonin salmon (Fortical and Miacalcin)
It is taken as a nasal spray and is mostly used by women who have been menopausal for more than 5 years and may or may not want to take estrogen products. Dr. Vasudeva Juvvadi, one of the best orthopedic doctors for bone loss treatment in Hyderabad, says that this drug has a cancer risk. So he suggests consulting experts before using this drug.
Romosozumab is an FDA-approved medication in recent to treat women suffering from menopause and also at risk of fractures. It is not recommended for people with a history of heart attacks or strokes.
As medication has side effects, you can prefer other treatment options. There are a number of treatments available to promote bone health and prevent bone loss. An appropriate diet plan can also strengthen your bones. For more information, consult Dr. Vasudeva Juvvadi, consultant orthopedic surgeon in Hyderabad at Sunshine Hospitals. He has more than 10 years of experience in treating various conditions associated with bones. He is one of the best bone loss treatment experts in Hyderabad.