Knee dislocation treatment in Hyderabad | Dr. Vasudeva Juvvadi
Knee dislocation occurs when all three bones in the knee are misaligned and not properly aligned. This can happen if the knee is structurally abnormal.
What is a knee dislocation?
Some people are born with a dislocated knee (congenital knee dislocation). Most often, a knee dislocation occurs when a traumatic event pushes the knee bones out of place with tremendous force. This is an emergency and very painful condition.
If you dislocate your knee, your femur and tibia may be partially or completely displaced. This is when the patella (kneecap) moves. Doctors also call this as patellar subluxation.
Dislocation of the knee is a rare but serious condition. Other parts of the knee can also be affected at the same time. You should consult your doctor immediately for knee dislocation treatment in Hyderabad.
Dislocated Knee Symptoms
You may feel a crack when you shake your knee. Common symptoms include:
The knee hurts so bad that you can’t move it or stretch it.
Your knee seems unstable
Knees become swollen and get bruised
Part of the patella appears to have been displaced.
You can’t do the activities or sports you usually do.
Causes of knee dislocation
If it is not a congenital dislocation the knee is dislocated by a serious trauma, for example:
Car accident: If your knee hits a hard surface, such as a board, the impact can be hard enough to dislocate the knee.
Sports injuries: It’s not as common as a car accident, but you can dislocate your knee if you hit another player or the ground too hard, or bend your knee too much (bending it more than intended).
Hard fall: This can happen to a skier or runner who loses control and lands with a bent or hyperextended knee. You can dislocate your knee if you fall into a hole in a ground by accident.
Diagnosing a Sprained Knee
You should go to the emergency room right away and have them examine your knee from several angles to see if it has been injured.
Your doctor will examine your knee and want to know how you injured it. They will see if your knee is deformed and swollen, and if you can move it.
Your doctor may press on different parts of your leg to see if you also have damaged ligaments, which are bands of tissue that help hold the knee in place. Torn ligaments are very common when the knee is dislocated.
The ankle-brachial index test: They may do this test to look for changes in blood flow. The blood pressure at the ankle is compared with the usual location of the arm. If the ankle-humeral index is low, it may mean that the dislocation is causing blood flow problems in the leg.
EMG: Your doctor may use this procedure to check your muscles and nerves. They will insert needles into the muscles to record the electrical activity. Electrodes on the surface measure the speed and strength of nerve signals.
Images: Your doctor may want to see what’s going on inside your knee. X-rays
can confirm that your bones have become detached from their joints. It can also show if you have any broken bones from an accident.
To detect injuries and damage to soft tissues and ligaments in the knee joint, your orthopedic doctor may also order MRI test. This scan also detects nerve injury.
Knee dislocation can also damage blood vessels – arteries and veins. An arteriogram is an X-ray of the arteries and veins that outlines blood flow in the blood vessels.
Knee Dislocation treatment in Hyderabad
Non-surgical Option: In mild to moderate type of dislocation with less damage, your orthopedic doctor set the bone back to its position by pressing, moving and placing bones properly in the joint. The procedure is painful, but your doctor will make it less painful by giving you mild sedative. However, once the bone is back in the knee joint, the doctor instructs you to wear splint for a few weeks to let your knee heal properly without being subjected to any weight.
Surgery: Your doctor may suggest surgery to correct other damage and dislocations caused by knee injuries, such as:
Blood vessel damage
Your doctor will decide either arthroscopic knee surgery or open surgery based on the extent of damage and injury to your knee joint.
Knee Dislocation Recovery
You will be advised to wear knee braces or splints after surgery. Once you stop wearing braces or splints, your knee surgeon will refer you to a physiotherapist for rehabilitation. The physiotherapist will train and teach you a few exercises that will help strengthen your leg muscles around your knee joint and also help in bringing back a wide range of motion back to the joint.
Recovery mostly depends on the extent of damage and injury – but it mostly takes a long time in case of a knee dislocation. However, for a faster recovery stick to your doctor’s advice.