Bone Fracture Repair Hyderabad | Dr. Vasudeva Juvvadi
Bone fracture repair: The bones are the most essential building blocks of the body. Hence, it is better to understand your bones and how they make up the amazing body. Let’s have a look at some facts about bone fractures and the repair process.
The Most Common Cause of Bone Fractures
Physical trauma due to accidents and falls is the most common cause of bone fractures.
The bone fracture repair process
- An orthopaedic surgeon is the one who treats your fracture.
- Plaster of Paris and Fiberglass are the common materials used in the cast for a fracture.
- The casts used for the fracture should stay dry to perform their functions. The plaster-of-Paris starts to dissolve and soften if the cast gets wet. If it gets wet, it won’t be able to hold the fractured bone in place and sometimes causes infection.
- Doctors sometimes use a splint cast for the first few days until swelling of broken bone subsidies. After the swelling reduces a regular cast is applied.
- Around 20% of the bone fractures might not heal properly and requires additional treatment.
Bone Fracture Risk Factors
- The possibility of fractures increases with age. This is because your bone strength decreases as you get older.
- Adults with weak bones are also susceptible to bone fractures.
- Every year around 3.5 million fracture cases arrive at the hospital in an emergency.
Bone Fracture Repair Steps
Closed reduction: fractured bone when kept in line and set naturally in its natural position without surgery. The process is called closed reduction.
The fracture repair process follows progressive repair steps: In the first step, hematoma formation takes place. In the next step external and internal calli form and in the subsequent step calli is replaced by bone formation. Next, compact bone replaces spongy bone at the outer margins of the fracture, and healing is complete. finally, remodeling takes place with no evidence of fracture remains.
The following are the most common bones that get fractured quite often:
- Clavicle bone: It is also called a collar bone that joins your arms to your body. The shape and placement of the collarbone make it more prone to fracture.
- Arm bones: Around 50% of bone fractures in adults occur in the arms.
- Wrist bone: These bones are frequently fractured while falling persons attempt to stop falls.
- The humerus bone: It is the long bone of the upper arm that extends from the shoulder and the elbow.
- The Ulna – This is the bone between the wrist and the elbow joint.
- The Radius – This is the long bone in the forearm.
- The Tibia Bone – The big bone between the ankle and knee joint
- The Fibula Bone – The small bone between the ankle and the knee joint
- Broken Ankle –
- Broken Toe or Foot
- The Fracture of your femur bone is the most painful break.
- According to surveys, around 59% of fractures occur in males compared to females.
- People older than 65 are more prone to break their hip bone. This might be either due to trauma or bone conditions such as osteoporosis. It is a condition that makes your bones weak and increases the risk of unexpected bone fractures.
- It’s no secret that alcohol and tobacco consumption is always bad for you. You should realize that it impacts the ability to heal your broken bones.
Different types of fractures
- Complete Fracture – The bone is broken into pieces.
- Greenstick fracture – The bone is cracked on one side only.
- Transverse Fracture – The bone break across the line of a bone.
- A comminuted fracture – The bone is broken into many pieces or crushed.
- A bowing fracture – It mostly happens in kids where the bone stretches and bends but doesn’t break.
- Spiral – The bone breaks spirally; common in twisting type injury.
- Oblique – The bone breaks diagonally.
Bone fracture repair time
- If the bone heals in the wrong direction, it is called Malunion Fracture
- If the bone doesn’t heal, it is called non-union Fracture
- If the Fracture takes longer than normal time to heal, it is called delayed union fracture.